Nikon D3400 Specifications and Key Features with Overview

A summary, as well as a brief explanation of the Nikon D3400 specifications and key features with details, are listed in this article. If you read this article till last, you’ll have a total overview of the Nikon D3400, despite not having the camera in your hands.

Key Features

  • Sensor Pixels: 24.2mp
  • Sensor Technology: CMOS, Bayer, no AA filter, microlens
  • Max Image Size: 6000×4000
  • Other Image Sizes: 4496×3000, 2992×2000 
  • Video: 1080P/60/50/30/25/24 stereo sound (internal mic mono), 720P 60/50 (stored in .MOV with H.264 compression and linear PCM audio), 20-minute maximum length at the highest quality, 30 at normal
  • Processor: EXPEED4
  • File Formats: JPEG, 12-bit compressed NEF RAW 
  • Storage: SD, SDHC, or SDXC, UHS-I, and Eye-Fi
  • Connectivity: USB 2.0 HIGH, Bluetooth 4.1
  • Lens Support: Type AF-P, E, and G lenses only (other AF don’t focus)
  • Autofocus Modes: Single, Dynamic, Auto Area, 3D Tracking
  • Autofocus Assist: Yes (white lamp)
  • ISO: 100-25600, AUTO
  • White Balance: Auto, custom, 6 predefined with fine tuning 
  • Color LCD: 3″, 921,000 dots 170 degree viewing
  • Continuous Shooting Speed: 5 fps
  • Shutter Speeds: 30s to 1/4000, bulb. 100k rated
  • Viewfinder: Pentamirror, 95%, 0.85x magnification, 18mm eyepoint, -1.7 to +.5 diopters 
  • Menus: Playback, Shooting, Custom Settings, Setup, Retouch, MyMenu 
  • Flash Sync Speed: 1/200 
  • Flash Type: I-TTL, M
  • Internal Flash: Yes, GN 22ft 7m (ISO 100) (slightly higher in manual mode)
  • Flash Compensation: -3 to +1EV
  • Colors: Red, Gray
  • Size: 4.88 x 3.86 x 2.99 (124x98x75.5mm) 
  • Weight: 15.6 ounces (440g) w/battery and card
  • Battery: EN-EL14a (1200 shots CIPA)

Advantages and Disadvantages

These are the advantages of disadvantages of the Nikon D3400. This can also be referred to as what reviewers, as well as users, like and dislike.


These are the pros/advantages of the Nikon D3400:

  •  Bluetooth Connectivity
  •  FHD at 60fps and HD at 60fps Video Recording
  •  Face Detection Focusing
  • 24.0MP – High-Resolution Sensor
  •  Long Battery Life (1200 shots)
  • 395g Light Body
  •  Panorama Shooting
  •  Remote control with a smartphone
  •  Compatible with fast UHS-I cards
  • 1 Cross Type Focus Points
  • Reliable single-shot autofocus
  • Good continuous JPEG shooting performance


These are the cons/advantages of the Nikon D3400:

  • No built-in Wi-Fi
  •  No Sensor shift Image Stabilization
  •  No Articulating & Touch Screen
  • SnapBridge is slow and limited


TypeSingle-lens reflex digital camera
Release Date2016-08-17
Body TypeCompact DSLR
ProcessorExpeed 4

Life has those moments that are too wonderful to keep to oneself. You can record the enthusiasm wonderfully and share it right away with a Nikon D3400 D-SLR camera. The camera creates a continual Bluetooth® connection with your smart device using the SnapBridge software. Each incredible photo you capture is promptly downloaded to your device, allowing you to post it online without missing a beat. And your friends will undoubtedly be impressed by the superb image quality when you show them those photos. That is the D3400 effect—it spreads enthusiasm.

Dimensions and Weight

(W x H x D)
Approx. 124 x 98 x 75.5 mm/4.88 x 3.86 x 2.99 in.
WeightApprox. 445 g/15.69 oz/0.98lb (with battery and memory card but without body cap); 
Approx. 395 g/13.93 oz/0.87lb (camera body only)

The Nikon D3400 measures 124 x 98 x 75.5 mm (4.88 x 3.86 x 2.99′′) and weighs 445 g/15.69 oz/0.98lb with a battery and memory card but without a body cap. The only camera body weight is 395 g/0.87 lb / 13.93 oz.

Nikon D3400 front and back photo with weight and dimension

 The Nikon D3400 is a relatively light camera for its class, especially when you consider that the average weight of DSLR-type cameras is 773g. It has an average thickness for its class, measuring 76mm.

Photography Features

Min Shutter Speed30s
Max Mechanical Shutter Speed1/4000s
Continuous Shooting5.0 fps
Shutter PriorityYES
Aperture PriorityYES
Manual Exposure ModeYES
Exposure CompensationYES
Custom White BalanceYES
Image StabilizationNO
Built-in FlashYES
Flash Range7.00 m (at ISO 100)
Max Flash Sync1/200s
Flash ModesAuto, Auto slow sync, Auto slow sync with red-eye reduction, Auto with red-eye reduction, Fill-flash, Off, Rear-curtain sync, Rear-curtain with slow sync, Red-eye reduction, Red-eye reduction with slow sync, Slow sync
External FlashYES
AE BracketingNO
WB BracketingNO

Video Features

Video Resolutions1920 x 1080 (60, 50, 30, 25, 24 fps), 1280 x 720 (60, 50 fps), 640 x 424 (30, 25 fps)
Max Video Resolution1920 x 1080
Video FormatsMPEG-4, H.264
Microphone PortNO
Headphone PortNO

Image Sensor

Sensor TypeCMOS
Sensor SizeAPS-C
Sensor Dimension23.5 x 15.6 mm
Sensor Area366.60 mm2
Sensor Resolution24MP
Total Pixels24.72 Million
Effective Pixels24.2 Million
Dust reduction systemImage Dust Off reference data (Capture NX-D software required)
Maximum Native ISO25600
Minimum Native ISO100
RAW SupportYES

The Nikon D3400 contains a 24.0MP APS-C (23.5 x 15.6 mm) CMOS sensor. Processor 4 exceeding. You can capture images with aspect ratios of 3:2 with a maximum resolution of 6000 x 4000 pixels. The D3400 can save files in RAW format and offers a native ISO range of 100 to 25600, giving you more room for post-processing.

Nikon D500 DxOMark Sensor Scores

DxOMark is a benchmark for evaluating the image quality of camera sensors scientifically. DxO Mark evaluated the Nikon D3400 sensor and gave it an overall score of 86 for its ability to produce high-quality images. The specifics of their examination of the Nikon D3400 are available here.

Anti-Aliasing Filter

The absence of an anti-alias (Low-pass) filter on the sensor of the Nikon D3400 is a significant characteristic. While removing the anti-aliasing filter improves sharpness and detail, it also increases the likelihood that moire will appear in some scenes.


ViewfinderEye-level pentamirror single-lens reflex viewfinder
Frame coverageApprox. 95% horizontal and 95% vertical
MagnificationApprox. 0.85x (50mm f/1.4 lens at infinity, -1.0 m-1)
Eyepoint18 mm (-1.0 m-1; from center surface of viewfinder eyepiece lens)
Diopter adjustment-1.7 to +0.5 m-1
Focusing screenType B BriteView Clear Matte Mark VII screen
Reflex mirrorQuick return
Lens apertureInstant return, electronically controlled

The built-in optical (pentamirror) viewfinder of the D3400 makes it simpler to take pictures in bright sunshine and other conditions where it could be challenging to see the LCD panel. The viewfinder features a 0.56x magnification ratio and 95% coverage. 95% coverage indicates that the image you see while shooting will be slightly different from what you see in your viewfinder.


Image size(pixels)6000 x 4000 (large)
4496 x 3000 (medium)
2992 x 2000 (small)
File formatNEF (RAW): 12-bit, compressed

JPEG: JPEG-Baseline compliant with fine (approx. 1: 4), normal (approx. 1: 8), or basic (approx. 1: 16) compression

NEF (RAW) + JPEG: Single photograph recorded in both NEF (RAW) and JPEG formats
Picture Control systemStandard, Neutral, Vivid, Monochrome, Portrait, Landscape, Flat; selected Picture Control can be modified
MediaSD (Secure Digital) and UHS-I compliant SDHC and SDXC memory cards
File systemDCF 2.0, Exif 2.3, PictBridge

Through a single SD-card slot, the camera records to an SD/SDHC/SDXC card with UHS-I capability. The details of image format and image sizes are above in the table.

Monitor Screen

Screen TypeFixed Type,  170° viewing angle
ScreenTechnologyTFT LCD
Screen size3.0 inch ( 7.5cm)
Screen resolution921k dots ( VGA )
Live viewYES
Frame coverage100%
Brightness AdjustmentYES
Touch screenNO

The 3.00-inch Fixed Type LCD screen on the Nikon D3400 features a 921k-dot resolution. The screen size and resolution meet the requirements for this class.

Nikon D3400 fixed LCD Screen

Sadly, the Nikon D3400 lacks a selfie-friendly screen.


AutofocusNikon Multi-CAM 1000 autofocus sensor module with TTL phase detection, 11 focus points (including one cross-type sensor), and AF-assist illuminator (range approx. 0.5 to 3 m/1 ft 8 in. to 9 ft 10 in.)
Detection range-1 to +19 EV (ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
Lens servoAutofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); continuous-servo AF (AF-C); auto AF-S/AF-C selection (AF-A); predictive focus tracking activated automatically according to subject status

Manual focus (MF): Electronic rangefinder can be used
Focus pointCan be selected from 11 focus points
AF-area modeSingle-point AF, dynamic-area AF, auto-area AF, 3D-tracking (11 points)
Focus lockFocus can be locked by pressing the shutter-release button halfway (single-servo AF) or by pressing AE-L/AF-L (protect) button

Because the Nikon D3400 contains both Contrast Detection and Phase Detection AF systems, it can focus quickly and precisely in the majority of circumstances. One of the 11 focus locations on the AF system’s sensors is a cross-type sensor. When compared to single-type sensors, cross-type sensors focus more quickly and accurately.


AF TouchNO
AF ContinuousYES
AF TrackingYES
AF SelectiveYES
AF CentreYES
AF Multi-viewYES
AF Live viewYES
AF Face DetectionYES
AF Contrast detectionYES
AF Phase detectionYES
Number of focus points11
Number of cross-focus points1

The Multi-CAM 1000 autofocus sensor from Nikon, which is also used in the D3300, continues to provide autofocus. It uses TTL phase detection and has an effective detection range of approximately -1 to 19 EV. 3D-Tracking and single-point focusing are both parts of the 11-point autofocus sensor. There is only one cross-type AF point on the sensor. The camera provides Face-Priority autofocus when shooting in Live View, which uses contrast-detect AF throughout the frame.

A 420-pixel RGB 3D color matrix metering II sensor is used to perform the metering. There are three types of metering: matrix, center-weighted (75% of the frame’s weight is applied to an 8mm circle in the middle), and spot metering (3.5mm circle which is centered on the selected focus point). For matrix and center-weighted modes, the metering range is 0 to 20 EV, while for spot metering, it is 2 to 20 EV. There is an exposure compensation range of +/-5 EV. The D3400 lacks AE bracketing, just like the D3300.

Video Recording

MeteringTTL exposure metering using the main image sensor
Metering methodMatrix
Frame size (pixels)and frame rate1920 x 1080, 60p (progressive)/50p/30p/25p/24p

1280 x 720, 60p/50p

Actual frame rates for 60p, 50p, 30p, 25p, and 24p are 59.94, 50, 29.97, 25, and 23.976 fps respectively; options support both ★high and normal image quality
File formatMOV
Video compressionH.264/MPEG-4 Advanced Video Coding
Audio recording formatLinear PCM
Audio recording deviceBuilt-in monaural microphone; sensitivity adjustable
ISO sensitivityISO 100 to 25600

With the Nikon D3400, you can capture films in MPEG-4 and H.264 formats with a maximum resolution of 1920 x 1080 at 60, 50, 30, or 25 frames per second. In most circumstances, the Nikon D3400’s full HD resolution will be sufficient.

The longest clip that can be recorded at top quality is 20 minutes. You can continuously record video for up to 29 minutes and 59 seconds at standard quality.

In terms of the camera body, the D3400 has a movie record button next to the shutter release on the top of the camera that you may use to start and stop video recording in any mode. (The camera’s mode dial lacks a setting specifically for shooting movies.) Although the built-in microphone’s sensitivity may be adjusted, the D3300 no longer includes an external stereo microphone connector, thus this is a bit disappointing.

Compatible Lenses

Lens MountNikon F mount (with AF contacts)
Autofocus supportAutofocus is available with AF-P and type E and G AF-S lenses

There are presently 316 native lenses that can be used with the Nikon D3400’s Nikon F lens mount. Nikon F mount has one of the widest selections of lenses and has backward compatibility, allowing you to use lenses dating back to the 1960s. Additionally, it is highly supported by lenses made by independent producers.

The Nikon D3400 has a minor drawback in that it lacks an internal focus motor, making it incompatible with older screw-drive autofocus (AF) lenses. With contemporary Nikon AF-S, AF-I, and G lenses, it continues to function properly, while lenses from the 1980s may not autofocus on the Nikon D3400.

Best Lenses for Nikon D

  • Nikon 17-55mm f2.8G ED-IF
  • Nikon 35mm f1.8G
  • Tamron 150-600mm f5-6.3 VC
  • Sigma 8mm F3.5 EX DG Fisheye
  • Tokina atx-i 100mm F2.8 FF Macro


Communication protocolsBluetooth Specification Version 4.1
Range (line of sight)Approximately 10 m (32 ft) without interference; range may vary with signal strength and presence or absence of obstacles

Nikon D3400’s Bluetooth connectivity feature comes in handy for connecting other devices that support it. One other feature that we like is the ability to use our smartphone as a remote to control our D3400. You can change camera settings, release the shutter, view the LCD screen, and transfer files using the remote control app.


TypeElectronically controlled vertical-travel focal-plane shutter
Speed1/4000 to 30 s in steps of 1/3 EV; Bulb; Time
Flash sync speedX=1/200 s; synchronizes with shutter at 1/200 s or slower

The Nikon D3400 has a maximum shutter speed of 1/4000 sec. with a max flash sync of 1/200s. The camera can shoot continuously at a maximum rate of 5.0 fps


Release modeSingle frame, continuous, quiet shutter release, self-timer, delayed remote; ML-L3, quick-response remote; ML-L3
Frame advance rateUp to 5 fps (Frame rates assume manual focus, manual or shutter-priority auto exposure, a shutter speed of 1/250 s or faster, and other settings at default values)
Self-timer2 s, 5 s, 10 s, 20 s; 1 to 9 exposures


MeteringTTL exposure metering using 420-pixel RGB sensor
Metering methodMatrix metering: 3D color matrix metering II (type E and G lenses)

Center-weighted metering: Weight of 75% given to an 8-mm circle in the center of frame

Spot metering: Meters 3.5-mm circle (about 2.5% of frame) centered on the selected focus point
Range(ISO 100, f/1.4 lens, 20°C/68°F)Matrix or center-weighted metering: 0 to 20 EV

Spot metering: 2 to 20 EV
Exposure meter couplingCPU
ModeAuto modes (auto;auto [flash off]); programmed auto with flexible program (P); shutter-priority auto (S); aperture-priority auto (A); manual (M); scene modes (portrait; landscape; child; sports; close up; night portrait); special effects modes (night vision; super vivid; pop; photo illustration; toy camera effect; miniature effect; selective color; silhouette; high key; low key)
Exposure compensationCan be adjusted by -5 to +5 EV in increments of 1/3 EV in P, S, A, M, scene, and night vision modes
Exposure lockLuminosity locked at detected value with AE-L/AF-L (Protect) button
ISO sensitivity(Recommended Exposure Index)ISO 100 to 25600 in steps of 1 EV; auto ISO sensitivity control available
Active D-LightingOn, off

The program, Shutter-priority, Aperture-priority, and Manual exposure modes are still easily accessible on the D3400’s mode dial in addition to Guide Mode, Auto, Auto Flash Off, Scene modes (Child, Close-up, Landscape, Night Portrait, Portrait, and Sports), and Special Effects. However, Color Sketch, HDR Painting, and Easy Panorama modes are no longer available. The latter offers access to Night Vision, Super Vivid, Pop, Photo Illustration, Toy Camera Effect, Miniature Effect, Selective Color, Silhouette, High Key, and Low Key.

For matrix and center-weighted modes, the metering range is 0 to 20 EV, while for spot metering, it is 2 to 20 EV. There is an exposure compensation range of +/-5 EV. The D3400 lacks AE bracketing, just like the D3300.

Flash( Built-in and External)

Built-in flashAuto, portrait, child, close-up, night portrait, vivid, pop, photo illustration, toy camera effect: Auto flash with auto pop-up

P, S, A, M: Manual pop-up with button release
Guide numberApprox. 7/22, 8/26 with manual flash (m/ft, ISO 100, 20°C/68°F)
Flash controlTTL: i-TTL flash control using 420-pixel RGB sensor is available with built-in flash; i-TTL balanced fill-flash for digital SLR is used with matrix and center-weighted metering, standard i-TTL flash for digital SLR with spot metering
Flash modeAuto, auto with red-eye reduction, auto slow sync, auto slow sync with red-eye reduction, fill-flash, red-eye reduction, slow sync, slow sync with red-eye reduction, rear-curtain with slow sync, rear-curtain sync, off
Flash compensationCan be adjusted by -3 to +1 EV in increments of 1/3 EV in P, S, A, M, and scene modes
Flash-ready indicatorLights when built-in flash or optional flash unit is fully charged; flashes after flash is fired at full output
Accessory shoeISO 518 hot-shoe with sync and data contacts and safety lock
Nikon Creative LightingSystem (CLS)Nikon CLS supported
Sync terminalAS-15 Sync Terminal Adapter (available separately)

The D3400 includes an internal flash as well as a flash shoe for mounting external flashes.

Live View

Lens servoAutofocus (AF): Single-servo AF (AF-S); full-time-servo AF (AF-F)Manual focus (MF)
AF-area modeFace-priority AF, wide-area AF, normal-area AF, subject-tracking AF
AutofocusContrast-detect AF anywhere in frame (camera selects focus point automatically when face-priority AF or subject-tracking AF is selected)
Automatic scene selectionAvailable in auto and auto (flash-off) modes

The camera provides Face-Priority autofocus when shooting in Live View, which uses contrast-detect AF throughout the frame.

These lenses are designated AF-P because they are made to perform faster autofocus and smoother focus when in Live View.


USBHi-Speed USB with Micro-USB connector; connection to the built-in USB port is recommended
HDMI outputType C HDMI connector

The HDMI port and USB 2.0 (480 Mbit/sec) ports on the D3400 can be used to connect it to compatible devices.

Power Source

BatteryOne EN-EL14a Rechargeable Li-ion Battery
AC adapterEH-5b AC Adapter; requires EP-5A Power Connector (available separately)

The D3400 can take up to 1,200 shots per charge (CIPA certified), which is a significant increase over the already generous 700 shots the D3300 could take on a single charge when using the same EL-EL14a rechargeable lithium-ion battery pack. However, a less powerful built-in flash is responsible for some of the improvements. The D3300’s flash was given an ISO 100 Guide Number rating of 12 meters (39 feet), however, the D3400’s GN is only 7 meters (22 feet).

White Balance

White balanceAuto, incandescent, fluorescent (7 types), direct sunlight, flash, cloudy, shade, preset manual, all except preset manual with fine-tuning


PlaybackFull-frame and thumbnail (4, 9, or 72 images or calendar) playback with playback zoom, playback zoom cropping, playback face zoom, movie playback, photo and/or movie slide shows, histogram display, highlights, photo information, location data display, auto image rotation, picture rating and image comment (up to 36 characters)

Tripod Socket

Tripod socket1/4 in. (ISO 1222)

Operating Environment

Temperature0 to 40°C/32 to 104°F
Humidity85% or less (no condensation)


Supplied accessories(may differ by country or area)EN-EL14a Rechargeable Li-ion Battery (with terminal cover), MH-24 Battery Charger, DK-25 Rubber Eyecup, AN-DC3 Camera Strap, BF-1B Body Cap

Supported Languages

Supported languagesArabic, Bengali, Bulgarian, Chinese (Simplified and Traditional), Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hindi, Hungarian, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Marathi, Norwegian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese (Portugal and Brazil), Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Spanish, Swedish, Tamil, Telugu, Thai, Turkish, Ukrainian, Vietnamese


Nikon D3400 specifications and key features have made it clear that this camera is suitable for beginner photography use. The features are excellent and somewhat meet the modern requirements. The camera provides all basic level options for a good level of production. You should choose the lens for appropriate use in order to get the best results.


Is Nikon D3400 good for beginners?

A wonderful DSLR for someone learning the fundamentals of photography is the D3400. Although Canon is sometimes mentioned as the finest brand for beginners, this Nikon has a guide mode that will give you step-by-step instructions on how to operate it. The controls are simple to use, have a clear optical viewfinder, and are easy to handle.

Is Nikon D3400 waterproof?

NO, the Nikon D3400 is not waterproof, to put it succinctly. But Ikelite offers custom underwater housing for the D3400, opening up a world of artistic possibilities. Additionally, the Nikon D3400 lacks weather sealing, so getting it wet is not an option.

How long can Nikon D3400 record?

You can continuously record video for up to 29 minutes and 59 seconds at standard quality. On the D3400’s camera body, there is a movie record button next to the shutter release on top of the device that you may use to start and stop video recording in any mode.

Does Nikon D3400 have flip screen?

NO. Both an auxiliary connection for adding extra viewing displays and a mic port for connecting a microphone are absent from the Nikon D3400 DSLR camera. Try connecting this camera model’s HDMI connection to a screen that supports HDMI-CEC for a separate viewing option.

Is Nikon D3400 good for photography?

YES. The Nikon D3400 is the greatest DSLR available right now for entry-level DSLR cameras in 2022. You may master the fundamentals of photography with its full manual exposure controls, then switch to an Auto mode for ease.

Is Nikon D3400 worth buying?

Even in 2022, one could argue that the D3400 camera remains a fantastic entry-level option for a beginning photographer. Why? because this device is inexpensive, simple to use, and produces excellent photographs. You can even use this DSLR for professional photography because the photographs’ quality is on par with that of more expensive cameras.

Is the Nikon D3400 4K?

NO. The Nikon D3400 DSLR camera can capture stunning 1080/60p Full HD video at the push of a button, but it does not shoot video in 4K. There are two AF-P lenses included in the Nikon D3400 kit that is listed here.

How long does it take to charge a Nikon D3400 battery?

1.5-2 hours if your battery is fully drained. Simply place your battery in the charger when it is low and wait 1.5 to 2 hours for it to fully recharge.

What memory card does Nikon D3400 use?

Memory cards with capacities of 16, 32, 64, and 128 GB for SD, SDHC, and SDXC are all compatible with the Nikon D3400 digital camera.

Does Nikon D3400 have WIFI?

NO. The Nikon D3400 DSLR camera lacks Wi-Fi functionality. Instead, it may link to a compatible smart device running the SnapBridge software thanks to its built-in Bluetooth.

What batteries are compatible with Nikon D3400?

There are two battery versions made by Nikon that are compatible with the D3400. The EN-EL14a is the ideal choice and the one that is included with the camera. The EN-EL14, a similar model, will also function flawlessly but will deplete faster. This is due to the fact that the EN-rating EL14’s is 1030mAh whereas the EN-rating EL-14a’s is 1230mAh.

How do I get the grid on my Nikon D3400?

  • To display the setup menu, press MENU button.
  • Select Setup > Display > Grid display.
  • Select On to display a framing grid.

Does D3400 have microphone?

NO. Since the D3400 lacks the microphone input featured in the D3300, you must use an external sound recorder with external input capabilities before merging the sound and video in a video editor. The best option is an external mic.

Can you add external mic to Nikon D3400?

YES. External microphone for a digital camera XM-AD2 Dual Channel XLR-Mini Audio Adapter for DSLRs, Camcorders, and Pro Video Cameras is compatible with the Nikon D3400 DSLR Digital Camera.

How do you turn on the flash on a Nikon D3400?

  • To raise the flash, press the Flash mode button.
  • Select flash mode. Rotate the command dial while holding down the Flash mode button until the appropriate flash mode displays in the information display.
  • Take photos. Every time a picture is taken, the flash will fire.